朱明之關於建築 / 待分類 / 奧克蘭的創新:輕重結合全裝修開頂模塊

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【京東集運】奧克蘭的創新:輕重結合全裝修開頂模塊

2021-01-10  朱明之關...

Innovation in Oakland: New Approaches to Building Housing

奧克蘭的創新:建造房屋的新方法

Urban Planning Partners is leading research and policy reform related to innovative construction methods for the City of Oakland. Innovative construction methods, such as 3-D printing, offsite construction, new building materials, and even methods that are not yet known, can produce housing more quickly and cost-effectively than traditional, site-built construction. Our team is recommending meaningful, feasible policies and process improvements that the City can implement to fully realize the housing affordability benefits of innovative construction methods. The project will also ensure the City is innovation-ready for future construction techniques that have not been developed yet and that City resources will be used in ways that don’t leave underrepresented groups behind.

城市規劃合作伙伴是領先的研究和政策改革相關的創新建設方法,為奧克蘭市。創新的施工方法,如3d打印、非現場施工、新型建築材料,甚至是未知的方法,可以比傳統的現場施工更快、更經濟有效地建造房屋。我們的團隊正在建議有意義的、可行的政策和流程改進,城市可以實施,以充分實現創新建築方法的住房可負擔性的好處。該項目還將確保城市為未來尚未開發的建築技術做好創新準備,並確保城市資源的使用不會讓代表性不足的羣體落後。

We are currently finishing up the data collection stage. We reviewed existing literature, administered an online survey for Bay Area development and construction professionals, analyzed demographic trends in the construction industry, collected characteristics of existing innovative projects, and facilitated stakeholder focus groups. Our research uncovered the following barriers to more widespread use of innovative construction methods: inconsistent Planning and Building Code interpretations, restrictive regulations, City processes that lag behind innovation, unequal access to resources for small and minority-owned businesses, and insufficient workforce numbers.

我們目前正在完成數據收集階段。我們回顧了現有文獻,對灣區發展和建築專業人員進行了在線調查,分析了建築行業的人口趨勢,收集了現有創新項目的特徵,並促進了利益相關者的焦點小組。我們的研究發現,在更廣泛地使用創新建築方法方面存在以下障礙:不一致的規劃和建築法規解釋、限制性規定、滯後於創新的城市流程、小企業和少數民族企業獲得資源的機會不平等以及勞動力數量不足。

Urban Planning Partners has prepared a draft report describing our findings and identifying potential improvements to Oakland’s existing construction innovation practices. Improvements will be implemented in the next phase of the project and could include staff training, Planning and Building Code amendments, structural reorganization, or outreach to the development and construction communities. We are working collaboratively with the City, staff from other Bay Area cities, and innovative developers and builders to ensure that solutions are impactful and reflect City goals and staff constraints.

城市規劃合作伙伴已經準備了一份報告草稿,描述了我們的發現,並確定了奧克蘭現有建築創新實踐的潛在改進。項目下一階段將進行改進,可能包括工作人員培訓、規劃和建築規範修訂、結構重組或向發展和建築社區推廣。我們與市政府、灣區其他城市的員工、創新的開發商和建設者合作,以確保解決方案具有影響力,並反映城市目標和員工限制。

Project Stats:

項目統計數據:

  • 22 innovative projects identified in Oakland, ranging from 3 to 357 units

    奧克蘭確定了22個創新項目,範圍從3個到357個單元不等

  • 62% percent of survey respondents reported that their innovative projects cost less than traditional projects

    62%的受訪者表示,他們的創新項目比傳統項目成本更低

  • Most commonly reported cost savings for innovative construction were 10% less than traditional projects

    最常見的報道是,創新建築的成本節約比傳統項目少10%

Why We Liked This Project: This top-ranked MTC/ABAG technical assistance grant is looking at the housing affordability crisis from a unique angle and has allowed us to blaze a trail on a topic that does not have much existing research. This project also gives Oakland the opportunity to serve as a model city for other jurisdictions. We’ve gotten great feedback from the development and construction community who have creative ideas on what works and what doesn’t, and we’re looking forward to trying out some new processes in our home city to encourage more innovation in Oakland.

為什麼我們喜歡這個項目:這個排名第一的MTC/ABAG技術援助基金從一個獨特的角度看待住房可負擔性危機,讓我們在一個沒有太多現有研究的課題上開闢了一條道路。這個項目也讓奧克蘭有機會成為其他司法管轄區的模範城市。我們從開發和建設社區那裏得到了很好的反饋,他們對什麼可行,什麼不可行有很多創意,我們期待在我們的家鄉奧克蘭嘗試一些新的流程,以鼓勵更多的創新。

上面的文字是湊原創字數的,乾貨在下面兩個視頻:

視頻1 模塊製造及裝配

視頻2 塔吊公司的宣傳視頻

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